Saturday, August 25, 2012

This Week in History: August 19-25

I love knowing what took place on any particular day in history.  This week some interesting things happened!

August 19:
1561- Mary, Queen of Scots returns to Scotland a young widow, to take up the reins of her kingdom.  She has spent the previous 13 years in her beloved adopted country, France.
1692- Salem, Massachusetts is in the middle of the Salem Witch Trials.
1745- Bonnie Prince Charlie raises his standard at Glenfinnan in the Highlands of Scotland, rallying Scottish clans to his cause and starting the Second Jacobite Rebellion.
1782- Battle of Blue Licks takes place in Kentucky, the last major battle of the American Revolution, ten months after Cornwallis' surrender.
1812- The American frigate USS Constitution earns the nickname 'Old Ironsides" after defeating the British HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia.
1848- The New York Herald reports the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in California.  Men from the East Coast join the westward rush for gold.
1895- Outlaw and gunfighter John Wesley Hardin is killed in El Paso, Texas.  (This one is particularly for my younger sister.)  :)
1944- Paris rises against the German occupation forces with the assistance of the Allies, beginning the Paris Liberation.

August 20:
1000- Saint Stephen I founds the first official Kingdom of Hungary.
1866- President Andrew Johnson officially declares the Civil War to be over.
1910- In northeast Washington, northern Idaho and western Montana the Great Fire of 1910, commonly known as the Big Blowup or the Big burn, burns about 3 million acres.
1914- Brussels, Belguim is occupied by German forces.
1988- Dubbed 'Black Saturday' after it is the single worst day of the wildfires raging in Yellowstone National Park, leaving over 150,000 acres burned.

August 21:
1680- During the Pueblo Revolt, Pueblo Indians capture Santa Fe from the Spanish.
1770- Explorer Captain James Cook claims eastern Australia for Great Britain and names it New South Wales.
1810- The Swedish Riksdag of the Estates elects Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, to be the new Crown Prince of Sweden.
1831- In the South, Nat Turner begins his uprising, which history books will later call 'Nat Turner's Rebellion', leading slaves against their masters.
1863- In the Lawrence Massacre during the Civil War, Quantrill's Raiders destroy Lawrence, Kansas.
1950- Hawaii is admitted as the 50th state of the Union.

August 22:
565- In Scotland, missionary monk Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness.
1485- Richard III of England dies in the Battle of Bosworth Field, ending the House of Plantagenet.
1642- The English Civil War begins and King Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors.
1780- Captain James Cook's ship returns to England, minus Cook, who died in Hawaii.
1848- New Mexico is annexed by the United States.
1932- The British Broadcasting Corporation experiments with television broadcasting.

August 23:
79- In Italy, Mount Vesuvius begins to awake.
1305- In London, Sir William Wallace is executed for high treason.
1572- Huguenots in Paris are massacred by mobs in the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre.
1864- Fort Morgan, Alabama is captured by the Union Navy, leaving Galveston, Texas the only Gulf of Mexico port under Confederate domination.
1944- Marseille, France is liberated by the Allies.
1990- Armenia declares independence from the Soviet Union.

August 24:
79- Mount Vesuvius erupts, burying the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae .
410- Alaric I leads his Visigoths in pillaging Rome.
1466- Printing of the Gutenberg Bible is finished.
1814- British troops burn Washinton, D.C., setting the White House on fire as well, though it does not burn to the ground.
1912- The United States establishes the Territory of Alaska.
1992- Ukraine claims independence from the Soviet Union.

August 25:
1609, In Venice, Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope.
1768- Captain James Cook sets off on his first voyage.
1944- The Liberation of Paris by the Allies is completed.

News flash: astronaut Neil Armstrong died today in a hospital in Columbus, Ohio.  "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

On another note, autumn is on its way here.  My sister and I woke up freezing this morning because we sleep with our window open and it got so cold last night we didn't have enough blankets on our beds!  I'll think we'll be closing the window tonight! 

You know, I'm just not ready for the summer to be over yet....

Miss Melody Muffin

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